Clarke, C. (2003). Space Exploration Advocacy in the 21st Century: The Case for Participatory Science, 9-41. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota.
This thesis gives a brief overview of Citizen Science and Participatory Research through a scientific lens. It defines characteristics Participatory Science must have and what it should have. This is important because it combines both research methodologies and lays out rules to follow for Participatory Science Research. The characteristics are not incredibly detailed; however, they are rooted in key concepts that distinguish both Citizen Science and Participatory Research. This is important because there is not much literature that exists on what exactly Participatory/activist Citizen Science is or, how to conduct Participatory/activist Citizen Science research. The theoretical foundations of Participatory Research and Citizen Science concepts are present, but, the citations in which they originate are not.