McCann, Laurenelle. 2015. Experimental Modes of Civic Engagement in Civic Tech | Meeting People Where They Are. Edited by Daniel X. O’Niel. Chicago: Smart Chicago Collaborative.
The book focuses on what it means to build technology with people rather than focusing on the reasons for building the particular technology. Civic technologies are defined as the tools created to improve public life, to help each other, to make governments and communities safe, joyful and equitable places to live. It keeps the focus on people and communities rather than technology by using government resources directly into neighbourhoods. The author focuses on five criteria that prioritize people and work with them to build technology in their community for the greater good of the community in what makes up the 5 Modes of Civic Engagement in Civic Tech. They include: utilize existing social infrastructure; utilize existing tech skills and infrastructure; create two-way educational environments; lead from shared spaces; and distribute power. It also focuses on the differences between community organizing and civic tech.